Conflict & Human Rights Reports
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For decades, Burma’s military regime has been carrying out scorched-earth campaigns against its own civilian population, destroying over 3,500 ethnic villages, using rape as a weapon of war, enslaving hundreds of thousands of Burmese people as forced laborers, killing innocent civilians, and forcing over 2 million people to flee their homes as refugees and internally displaced persons. Such flagrant crimes are not simply human rights abuses – they are mass atrocities, amounting to crimes against humanity and war crimes. Compounding the brutality and magnitude of such international crimes is the system of impunity, which protects perpetrators and punishes victims. These reports document these atrocities.

Fortify Rights (June 2014) For the past three years, Myanmar authorities have systematically tortured Kachin civilians perceived to be aligned with the Kachin Independence Army (KIA), Fortify Rights says in this report. Fortify Rights believes these abuses constitute war crimes and crimes against humanity. The government of Myanmar should intervene immediately to end the use of torture in the conduct of the ongoing war in Kachin State and northern Shan State, and it should credibly investigate and prosecute members of the Myanmar Army, Myanmar Police Force, and Military Intelligence who are responsible for the serious crimes described in this report.

Karen Human Rights Group (May 2014) Human rights abuses have remained a constant in rural Southeast Burma despite the signing of a preliminary ceasefire agreement between the Burma government and the Karen National Union in January 2012. This report presents analysis of 16 categories of human rights abuse or related issues, placed in the historical context of 20 years of ongoing abusive practices.

Free Burma Rangers (April 2014) At 09:00 on 14 April 2014, a 45-year-old civilian named Mr. Mwihpu La Maw, from Mungding Pa, was killed as a landmine exploded near Tan Tada, Mansi Township, Bhamo District.

Free Burma Rangers (April 2014) Burma Army soldiers rape teenage girl in Nhkum Zau Tawng Village. Two civilians from Maw Swi Awng Lawt village were shot by soldiers as they entered their village. Burma Army units under Military Operation Command (MOC) 16 continue to engage in active conflict with the Kachin Independence Army and attack civilians on a daily basis. 3,600 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) have now fled due to fighting in southern Kachin State and northern Shan State.

Free Burma Rangers (April 2014) On 10 April 2014, the Burma Army launched infantry attacks, supported with mortar fire, against Kachin Independence Army (KIA) positions in the La Gat Yang and Man Win areas along the Kachin-Shan border southwest of Nam Kham town. The attacks lasted from 10:00 until 20:00 hours.

United to End Genocide (March 2014) United to End Genocide completed a four week fact-finding mission before issuing this report. The human rights group found that "nowhere in the world are there more known precursors to genocide than in Burma today." The report also calls on President Barack Obama to take specific actions to protect the Rohingya Muslim ethnic minority from further attacks.

Harvard Law (March 2014) The International Human Rights Clinic at Harvard Law School issues this report, which highlights the Burmese military's longstanding and continued failure to adhere to international humanitarian law, specifically focusing on indiscrimitate attacks and wilful killings of civilians. The Clinic offers key recommendations for reform to Burmese military officials at three levels: (1) the operational-policy level, (2) the tactical level, and (3) the enlisted soldier level.

U.S. Department of State (February 2014) This report is a broad overview of human rights abuses committed by the Burmese government including extrajudicial killings, rape, arbitrary detentions, land confiscation, and systematic denial of due process and fair trial rights.

Fortify Rights (February 2014) This report provides evidence that protracted human rights violations against Rohingya result from official state policies and could amount to the crime against humanity of persecution. Karen Human Rights Group (February 2014) This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted during 2013 in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District by a community member trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. The community member interviewed Saw B---, who described how villagers in Meh Pree and Kyaw Hpah village tracts were required to construct the Htee Lah Beh Hta Bridge over the Bilin River. ND-Burma (February 2014) This report covers the second period of 2013 and focuses on 106 documented cases of human rights violations in Burma from July-December 2013. There are many serious human rights violations addressed and highlighted in this report; torture, extra-judicial killing, illegal arrests and detention, arbitrary taxation, property crimes, forced labor, trafficking, forced displacement and rape.
Free Burma Rangers (February 2014) This report details the Burma Army's continued attacks in Nam Lim Pa area in their attempt to drive out the Kachin people and control this part of Kachin State.
Karen Human Rights Group (February 2014) This Situation Update describes events occurring in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District during the period between August and October 2013, including rape and sexual violence, forced labour and a development project.
Free Burma Rangers (February 2014) This report documents human rights abuses of the Burma Army against villagers in Kachin state during November 2013 and late January 2014. These abuses include the army firing heavy mortar and machine guns at Kachin villagers, corpses with evidence of torture by the Burma Army, and the destruction of IDP homes. Karen Human Rights Group (January 2014) "This Situation Update describes events occurring in Tantabin and Than Daung townships, Toungoo District between February and July 2013, including ongoing Tatmadaw militarisation, movement restrictions, land confiscation, information about the education and healthcare situation, landmine issues and details of an incident of violent abuse."

Free Burma Rangers (January 2014) "Burma is in the midst of change and we want to report to you what is happening, both good and bad. We are grateful for those who have brought greater freedoms to Burma. We also want to stand with those who have not yet experienced those freedoms and are still under attack. Thank you for your prayers and support."

Freedom House (January 2014) This report analyzes the state of freedom around the world in the 2013 and has an in-depth look into the current state of political rights and civil liberties in Burma. "Burma’s nominally civilian government made progress in peace negotiations with ethnic armed groups and continued its relaxation of controls over the media and civil society in 2013. However, the year was marked by weak government enforcement of the rule of law, increasing arrests of political activists for “unlawful public demonstrations,” a gradual resurgence of political confrontation between the government and the opposition regarding proposed reforms of the 2008 constitution, and intensifying rivalry within the parliament, as well as between the government and parliament, that led to the suspension of a constitutionally mandated bill."
Woman and Child Rights Project (November 2013) This report highlights the use of underage workers in agriculture, furniture factories, and restaurants in Mon and Tenasserim areas as well as along Burma’s eastern border. Drawn on 67 interviews with working children, child protection officers and others, the report provides first-hand accounts of the causes and consequences of child labor. The report recommends that President Thein Sein “Create a single, nationwide, uniform legal definition of a “child” as being under 18 years of age; to strengthen legal frameworks with substantive child protections that go beyond general provisions in the 1993 Child Law and reflect commitments made since the 1991 ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.” Altsean-Burma (October 2013) This report documents a total of 63 activists and human rights defenders who have been arrested or prosecuted since May 2013. Of this number, 33 were sentenced to jail with incarceration ranging from three months to two and a half years, while the remaining detainees are still awaiting trial or sentencing.

The Sentinal Project for Genocide Prevention (September 2013) "The Sentinel Project’s risk assessment concludes that, apart from outright violent extermination (i.e. mass killing) of the Muslim Rohingya minority, two conditions would need to be observed in order to declare the campaign against the Rohingya genocide: (1) continued ethnic cleansing and ghettoization of the Rohingya and other Muslims, and (2) continued isolation and deprivation of internally displaced persons (IDP) camps."

Physicians for Human Rights (August 2013) This report documents "the recent wave of violence against Muslims throughout Burma, whose government has created a culture of impunity for the violators and has failed to protect the Muslim minority." It details "many of the violent events that have taken place over the last two years, which have resulted in the displacement of nearly 250,000 people, mostly Muslims, and the destruction of more than 10,000 homes, scores of mosques, and a dozen monasteries. It documents the government's failure to address human rights violations, points to police complicity in some cases, and identifies patterns emerging from the violent episodes."

Free Burma Rangers (June 18, 2013) Thousands of villagers in Kachin State and northern Shan State have been displaced from their homes for nearly two years by Burma Army advances and see little hope of an imminent return. This is in spite of ongoing talks between the Burma Army and Kachin Independence Organization (KIO) to resolve the conflict which has continued for over two years since 9 June 2011. While fighting in Kachin State is greatly reduced, clashes continue in northern Shan State as the Burma Army advances against Shan, Ta'ang and Kachin positions there.

Forced Migration Review  (May 2013) This brief report discusses the realities of life for LGBTI identifying individuals in Burma and the difficulties they face in refugee camps across the Thai border. It also explains the impact of a humanitarian project, The Rainbow Group, undertaken in the camp.

Physicians for Human Rights (May 2013) "Anti-Muslim violence swept through central Burma in spring 2013... During the next three days, attacks spread to neighboring townships, as armed groups of men from the majority Buddhist population reportedly set fire to more than 1,500 homes, destroyed more than a dozen mosques and three madrassas, and killed more than 100 people among the minority Muslim population.This report includes the most detailed narrative to date of the attack on Muslim students, teachers, and neighborhood residents in the Mingalar Zayyone quarter of Meiktila, as compiled from interviews with 33 key informants, including 14 eyewitnesses. The accounts include testimony that local police stood by and watched while hundreds of people went on a rampage of violence and destruction, including the killing of unarmed Muslims, and that some Buddhist monks incited and even participated in the attacks.

Free Burma Rangers (May 25, 2013) Summary of the major security threats for Kachin IDPs and refugees. Raw field reports from Kachin Rangers describing recent military clashes and Burma Army troop movements

Free Burma Rangers (April 13, 2013) a list of Burma Army activities in Kachin State and Northern Shan State in April, including attacks, troop movements and resupply operations.

Christian Solidarity Worldwide (April 2013) "... there remain many very grave challenges and concerns, particularly in respect to the protection of human rights, including freedom of religion or belief, inter-religious harmony and the pursuit of genuine peace for the ethnic nationalities. In particular, the continuing military offensive against the predominantly Christian Kachin people in northern Burma, the plight of the Muslim Rohingya people in Arakan State, and the recent anti-Muslim violence in central Burma raise serious questions about the willingness of the Government of Burma to end the culture of impunity, ensure protection of human rights and pursue genuine peace for all the peoples of Burma."

Free Burma Rangers (April 5, 2013) Forced Labor in Doo Tha Htoo and Doo Pla Ya districts, Burma Army makes improvements and additions to roads and camps in Karen State Villages, Toungoo district flooded after the construction of the Toe Bo Dam, Flooding in Kler Lwee Htoo and Doo Pla Ya districts, Improved relationship with Burma Army in Doo Pla Ya district.

Human Rights Watch (April 2013) Human Rights Watch traveled to Arakan State following the waves of violence in June and October, going to the sites of attacks. This report draws on over 100 interviews conducted during those visits with Rohingya and non-Rohingya Muslims and Arakanese who have suffered or witnessed abuses and been displaced, as well as some organizers and perpetrators of violence.

Free Burma Rangers (February 15, 2013) Incident report of forced labor in Chin State in June and August 2012.

Free Burma Rangers (February 1, 2013) In this report: Burma Army fires artillery on city of Laiza, killing three civilians; Bunker accident near Mai Ja Yang kills three children; Continued fighting between the Kachin Independence Army and Burma Army in First and Third Brigades;
Two villagers arrested by Burma Army commander

Free Burma Rangers (January 31, 2013) This report details the activities of the Burma Army during a period of relative peace in Karen State and their effects on the local communities.

Free Burma Rangers (January 30, 2013) This report details the military clashes leading to a Burma Army victory at Hkaya Bum, and reports the Burma Army forced civilians to leave their homes after their victory.

Free Burma Rangers (January 21, 2013) This report lists the military clashes between Kachin and Burma Army forces since the the official ceasefire order on January 19, 2013

Free Burma Rangers (January 11, 2013) This report covers the continuing assaults against civilians by the Burma Army in Kachin State. Includes dates and locations of attacks and observed tactics. 

Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor (December 2012) "The Republic of the Union of Myanmar has not acceded to the Mine Ban Treaty. On 30 March 2011, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), the military junta that ruled the country since 1988, dissolved and handed power to a new government dominated by the military-sponsored Union Solidarity Development Party (USDP). Myanmar was one of 17 countries that abstained from voting on UN General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 66/29 on 2 December 2011, which called for universalization of the Mine Ban Treaty. It has abstained on similar annual resolutions since 1997."The Burden of War: Women bear burden of displacement

Palaung Women’s Organization (November 2012) "Worsening conflict and abuses by Burmese government troops in northern Shan State have displaced over 2,000 Palaung villagers from fifteen villages in three townships since March 2011. About 1,000, mainly women and children, remain in three IDP settlements in Mantong and Namkham townships, facing serious shortages of food and medicine; most of the rest have dispersed to find work in China."

Network for Human Rights Documentation- Burma (November 2012)"Over the period of this report, the political landscape in Burma has undergone noticeable shifts. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, once a political prisoner under house arrest, recently returned from a whirlwind tour of the United States where she recieved the Congressional Gold Medal, America's highest civilian honour. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and members of the U.S. Congress touted her cooperation with Burmese President Thein Sein, who visited the United Nations in New York City. the trip, at the urging of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, also resulted in the further easing of sanctions on the Burmese Government, including an end to the crippling ban on imports. Simultaneously, human rights violations persist throughout the country. Deadly civil war in ethnic areas, forced labour, child soldiers, torture adn ill treatment remain grave concerns. Additionally, this report will emphasize the rampant land confiscation adn forced relocation by the Burmese government. Recent events, including the arrests adn beatings of farmers protesting the forced relocation of landowners from 66 villages for the Latpadaung copper mine, one underline the on going human rights violations by the Burmese government."

Refugees International (October 2012) "For decades, Burmese Rohingya fleeing persecution have sought refuge in Bangladesh. hune's intercommunal violence in Burma's Rakhine State, as well as subsequent state-sponsored persecution adn targeted attacks against Muslim populations have cast an international spotlight on this neglected population, and offered an opportunity to resolve the status of both stateless Rohingya inside Burma and those Rohingya who are refugees in neighboring countries. This could be an apportunity for Bangladesh to engage fully on this issue and develop its long-awaited refugee policy. Instead, the nation is rallying against the Rohingya by refusing entry to refugees and restricting humanitarian assistance. This response, besides representing a breach of international law, will weaken Bangladesh's ability to secure international support as discussions of the Rohingya's plight intensify. The governments of Bangladesh adn Burma should be engaging in bilateral- and perhaps multilateral - discussions about how to protect the rights of the Rohingya community."

Free Burma Rangers (October 23, 2012) This report details specific instances of human rights abuses committed by the Burma Army against civilians in Kachin State, including rape and forced labor. 

Free Burma Rangers (October 17, 2012) This report covers the attack on a civilian village which injured a 7-year-old boy, among causing other injuries.

Human Rights Foundation of Monland- Burma (October 2012) "The growing optimism surrounding Burma’s political and social transitions has begun to be accompanied by ambitions to resettle the displaced communities along the country’s border with Thailand. As the notion and its attendant proposals continue to proliferate, it seems timely to assess how the communities directly affected by this prospect feel about resettlement. Interviews were conducted with 61 Mon internally displaced people (IDPs) who expressed an array of views ranging from excitement for better jobs in new locations to utter refusal for fear of renewed conflict."

Free Burma Rangers (September 29, 2012) A brief list of some of the positive changes Burma is seeing as well as the abuses still being committed

Free Burma Rangers (September 6, 2012) In this report: Mu Traw District: Fighting continues between KNLA and BGF forces, Burma Army still using forced labor; Taw Oo (Toungoo) District and Mergui/Tavoy District (Tenasserim Division): Burma Army troops still force local villagers to supply their troops, and have continued resupplying food, supplies and ammunition; Taw Oo (Toungoo) District: Villagers incarcerated and tortured during imprisonment Kler Lwee Htoo (Nyaunglebin) District: Governor of Shwe Gyin uses forced labor in Ma Dauk Village, heavy flooding affects over 1600 homes; Hpa-An District: Burma Army troops have ceased patrolling and remain within their camps; Doo Tha Htoo (Thaton) District: Military activity has continued with no decrease in military presence.

Human Rights Watch (September 2012) "Despite decades of experience with hosting millions of refugees, Thailand’s refugee policies remain fragmented, unpredictable, inadequate and ad hoc, leaving refugees unnecessarily vulnerable to arbitrary and abusive treatment. Thailand is not a party to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (1951 Refugee Convention) or its 1967 Protocol. It has no refugee law or formalized asylum procedures. The lack of a legal framework leaves refugees and asylum seekers in a precarious state, making their stay in Thailand uncertain and their status unclear."

Chin Human Rights Organization(September 2012) "For this reason, the Chin Human Rights Organisation (CHRO)’s new report is a vital and very welcome resource. The persecution of Chin Christians, alongside the persecution faced by Christians among the Kachin, Naga, Karenni and Karen, and the suffering of the Muslim Rohingyas, Buddhists among the Shan, Rakhine and Mon, and the imprisonment of Buddhist monks, all indicate that Burma’s government is in serious violation of the right to freedom of religion or belief enshrined in Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights."

Free Burma Rangers (August 26, 2012) In the areas of Karen State and Shan State mentioned in this report, the Burma Government has signed ceasefire agreements with the governing bodies. On 12 January 2012, the Burma Government signed preliminary agreements with the Karen National Union (KNU- Pro-democracy ethnic resistance) paving the way for future peace talks. On 19 May 2012, the Burma Government signed a ceasefire with the Restoration Council of Shan State in efforts to prevent future fighting. The Burma Army has violated both agreements since their initial signing.

Physicians for Human Rights (August 2012) "Over the last two years the Burmese government made several changes to bring the country closer to a democracy, including holding elections, releasing political prisoners, and negotiating ceasefires with ethnic armies. The effects of these initiatives, however, have yet to reach people in Karen State in eastern Burma or other minority ethnic groups in the country’s border areas. PHR documented abuses that occurred between January 2011 and January 2012 in eight townships in Karen State and in two townships in Tenasserim Division that were populated mostly by Karen people. PHR’s research shows that during 2011, as citizens in Rangoon experienced new freedoms, nearly one third of the families we surveyed in Karen State reported human rights violations. Notably, some violations were up to eight times higher in areas occupied by the Burmese army than in areas contested by the Burmese army and insurgent groups. The data suggest that ceasefires do not in themselves end human rights violations for some ethnic minorities, and that the Burmese government must do more to guarantee their human rights."

Human Rights Watch (August 1, 2012) "Burmese security forces committed killings, rape, and mass arrests against Rohingya Muslims after failing to protect both them and Arakan Buddhists during deadly sectarian violence in western Burma in June 2012. Government restrictions on humanitarian access to the Rohingya community have left many of the over 100,000 people displaced and in dire need of food, shelter, and medical care.

The 56-page report, “‘The Government Could Have Stopped This’: Sectarian Violence and Ensuing Abuses in Burma’s Arakan State,” describes how the Burmese authorities failed to take adequate measures to stem rising tensions and the outbreak of sectarian violence in Arakan State."

Reporters Without Borders (June 28 2012) "News about the crime circulated on the Web before being published and broadcast by the media. The speed with which it spread illustrates the growth in Internet freedom in Burma.

From the start, however, details of the religious and ethnic backgrounds of the victim and the perpetrators have influenced the way this tragic incident has been viewed, with the media highlighting the fact that the victim was a Buddhist Rakhine and the alleged perpetrators were Rohingya Muslims. This has had the effect of heightening ethnic tension, turning the Internet into a virtual battleground."  The report concludes with recommendations to the Burmese government, the international media, and the Burmese media including the need for a legal framework for media and a transparent and accountable Press Council.

Human Rights Watch (June 26 2012) This 68-page report describes how at least 7,000 to 10,000 ethnic Kachin refugees have fled war and abuses in Burma since June 2011, seeking refuge in southwestern China. The report is based on more than 100 interviews with refugees, displaced persons in Burma, victims of abuses, relief workers, and others.

Alternative ASEAN Network on Burma (June 13 2012) The communal violence in Arakan state has displaced thousands of Rohingya people and left dozens dead.  Bangladeshi authorities have pushed back fleeing people and the regime has declared that the situation is a state of emergency.  This report describes the timeline of events from the incident that sparked the violence to the resulting riots and international responses.

Free Burma Rangers (June 12, 2012) This report exposes the destruction to civilian residential areas caused by Burma Army attacks. It also contains evidence of chemical weapons being used against the Kachin people by the Burma Army.

Kachin Women’s Association—Thailand (June 8 2012) This report provides an update of atrocities committed by the Burma Army against civilians since it broke its 17-year ceasefire with the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) one year ago. It highlights the particular suffering of women during the conflict, who have been forced to be porters, used as sex slaves, gang-raped and killed.

Free Burma Rangers: FBR (June 1, 2012) While ceasefire negotiations are taking place in some ethnic areas, attacks continue in Kachin State, Northern Burma. The Burma Army is pressing its attacks in Kachin State with over 100 battalions deployed. There are over 50,000 Kachin people displaced, over 60 Kachin civilians killed and 100 Kachin soldiers killed. Burma Army casualties are unknown, but estimated at 1,000 wounded and killed. Along with the KIO, WPN, Partners and other organizations, the Kachin FBR teams are helping those in need.

Network for Human Rights Documentation – Burma (May 31 2012) This report documents the Government of Burma’s torture and ill treatment against its own people since the 2010 elections. This report demonstrates that the Burmese government continues to commit these abuses despite being bound to international human rights treaties and norms. Furthermore, the lack of domestic legislation prohibiting torture, the absence of an independent judiciary, and an ineffective Human Rights Commission contribute to a climate where torture and ill treatment are perpetrated with impunity.

Karen Human Rights Group - KHRG (May 31 2012) During the first three months after the January 2012 ceasefire between the Karen National Union (KNU) and the Burma government, villagers in Thaton, Nyaunglebin and Papun districts have raised concerns about Tatmadaw activity related to resupply operations, troop reinforcements and the transport of heavy artillery. LID #44 soldiers were deployed for road security purposes during military resupply operations at the end of January along the Bilin riverbank in Thaton District, while further north in Nyaunglebin District, LIB #702 transported rations, mortars and troop reinforcements, while Tatmadaw soldiers burned the vehicle road near three army camps. In Papun District, the vehicle road was repaird in early February before Tatmadaw soldiers transported supplies and triop reinforcements to camps in the area around Wa Klee Koo. The restricted scope of Tatmadaw operations since the ceasefire negotiations in January has allowed some villagers in Papun District to return to previously abandoned agricultural land. Villagers nonetheless complained of movement restrictions during military resupply operations, and expressed concerns that, because Tatmadaw troops have been reinforced and are now well-supplied, they will be in an advantageous position if the current ceasefire is broken.

The Arakan Project (May 30, 2012) This report by the Arakan Project offers an overview of forced labour practices in Northern Arakan/Rakhine State of Burma/Myanmar over a 6-month period - from November 2011 to May 2012  - corresponding to the dry season 2011/2012. It updates our previous submission "Forced labour after elections" dated 22 August 2011.

Free Burma Rangers: FBR (May 30, 2012)

- In Mergui/Tavoy District, Burma Army soldiers shoot at civilians while maintaining a military presence throughout the district.

- In Mu Traw District, violence, ammunition resupplies and troop movement continue.

- In Kler Lwee Htoo District (Nyaunglebin) District, troop movement continues with over 12 battalions in the area.

- In Taw Oo (Toungoo) District, incidents of violence continue between the Burma Army and Karen National Liberation Army.

- In Doo Play Ya District, FBR team treats patients on a recent relief mission while Burma Army unites remain present in the region.

Amnesty International (May 25 2012) On 23 May 2012, Amnesty International concluded its first official visit to Myanmar since 2003 to speak with government officials; political parties and their Members of Parliament; members of the diplomatic community; lawyers and other civil society actors; ethnic minority activists; former political prisoners as well as the families of current political prisoners; and a representative of the National Human Rights Commission to assess Myanmar’s current human rights situation.

Karen Human Rights Group (May 22 2012) This report focuses on field information received between January and December 2011. Key updates relating to the use of landmines in 2012 were also included, however due to the sheer volume of information that KHRG regularly receives, all field information received since the beginning of 2012 has not yet been closely analysed. KHRG is committed to interviewing villagers from all ethnic groups within its research areas. The majority of villagers interviewed belong to different sub-ethnicities of Karen, however interviews were also conducted with other ethnic groups, including Burman, Pa’O, Mon, Chin, Karenni, Arakan and Shan villagers.

Network for Human Rights Documentation – Burma (May 8 2012) The periodic report of the Network for Human Rights Documentation – Burma (ND–Burma) documents the human rights situation in Burma from March 2011 - March 2012 the period marking President Thein Sein and his government being in office. The ND-Burma periodic report provides up-to-date information on human rights violations (HRVs) and highlights pressing issues and trends within the country. The information gathered covers 16 categories of human rights violations (HRV’s), documented in all 14 states and regions across Burma.

Karen Human Rights Group (May 7 2012) In the six months since DKBA Brigade #5 troops under the command of Brigadier-General Saw Lah Pwe ('Na Kha Mwe') agreed to a ceasefire with government forces, and in the four months since a ceasefire was agreed between KNLA and government troops, villagers in Kawkareik Township have continued to raise concerns regarding ongoing human rights abuses, including the arbitrary detention and violent abuse of civilians, and forced labour demands occurring as recently as February 24th 2012. Villagers also report raised concerns about ongoing landmine contamination in two areas of Kawkareik Township, which continue to present serious physical security risks to local villagers, as well as disrupt livelihood activities and children's education.

Free Burma Rangers (May 2, 2012) In this report: Western Burma Overview Arakan State: Forced labor, rape, child conscription, commercial project update, natural disasters; Naga areas, Sagaing Division: forced labor and religious persecution; Chin State: forced labor.

Free Burma Rangers (April 24, 2012) Burma Army fighting continues in Kachin State since the original outbreak of violence on 9 June 2011, when Burma Army soldiers broke the ceasefire previously held with the Kachin Independence Army (KIA). As Burma Army attacks continue, the KIA attempts to defend the population and numerous clashes have occurred between Burma Army and KIA soldiers. Burma Army soldiers have also repeatedly attacked civilian villages, often occupying and looting the village afterwards and forcing villagers to flee. Free Burma Ranger teams have collected multiple reports of extrajudicial killing, imprisonment and torture. There are over 50,000 Internally Displaced People in camps on the border, with thousands more hiding in the jungle.

Free Burma Rangers (March 23 2012) "As we continue relief missions in Burma we also are monitoring the situation as regards to the different stages of ceasefire negotiations and the situation the ground. There have been good reforms including the release of Aung San Suu Kyi and permission for her National League for Democracy to contest by-elections on 1 April 2012, freeing of some political prisoners and some relaxation in media censorship. However, Burma Army attacks, human rights abuses and troop movements continue in ethnic areas. The following are a compilation of Burma Army activities in Karen, Kachin, Karenni and Arakan States since 12 January 2012, the date of a preliminary agreement toward a ceasefire between the Karen National Union (KNU) and the Government of Burma on 12 January 2012. One of the 11 points to which the government "agreed in principle" at that time was to cease fighting in all ethnic areas."

Human Rights Watch (March 20 2012) This 83-page report describes how the Burmese army has attacked Kachin villages, razed homes, pillaged properties, and forced the displacement of tens of thousands of people. Soldiers have threatened and tortured civilians during interrogations and raped women. The army has also used antipersonnel mines and conscripted forced laborers, including children as young as 14, on the front lines.

Free Burma Rangers (March 5, 2012) This report includes documents ongoing abuses since the initial January 12th agreement (one between the Karen National Union and the Burmese government which laid the foundation for future ceasefire discussion), as well as previously unreported abuses prior to that. It contains information gathered by teams working throughout Karen State and includes the following: Torture, Human Shields, Forced Labor and Military Activity in Doo Pla Ya District; Killing, Forced Labor, Property Confiscation and Military Activities in Taw Oo (Toungoo) District; Forced Labor, Military Activity and Flooding in Kler Lwee Htoo (Nyaunglebin) District and Mutraw District; Forced Labor in Mergui/Tavoy District (Tenasserim Region); Forced Labor and Fighting in Hpa-an District

Info Birmanie and Swedish Burma Committee (March 2012) This report looks into the meaning of “rape as a weapon of war”, the way it is used by the Burmese military and the response that the Burmese government and the international community could provide to stop such practice.

Free Burma Rangers (February 19, 2013) This report lists multiple instances of human rights abuses related to development projects in Karenni State

Free Burma Rangers (February 3, 2012) This update is sent from northern Karen State and includes information sent from other FBR teams in different areas of Burma. In some areas such as Arakan State, western Burma, where there are no ceasefire negotiations, the Burma army continues it operations. In other areas such as Kachin State, although there are negotiations, the Burma army is continuing operations with over 100 infantry battalions. In Karen State, there has been a significant reduction of fighting, but the movement of supplies and Burma army troop movement into Karen State continues. In the Karen State no ceasefire has yet been signed but both the Karen National Union (Karen ethnic pro-democracy resistance) and the Government of Burma have ordered their troops not to shoot at each other. The following are the incidents of hostilities as well as one incident of a friendly encounter from January 16 to present, 1 February 2012.

Free Burma Rangers (January 30, 2012) In This Report: Villager shot and beaten to death on Christmas Eve as Burma Army continues to oppress people in northern Karen State; Multi-ethnic team conducts relief mission in Toungoo District; Burma Army and Border Guard Force shoot villagers and demand forced labor in Butho Township, Mutraw District; Nyaunglebin District teams complete relief mission; Teams complete relief mission in Luthaw Township, Mutraw District.

Free Burma Rangers (January 29, 2012) This report explains the conditions of everyday life for people living in forced displacement camps in Karen and Kachin States and also contains some specific instances of human rights abuses including extrajudicial killings.

Free Burma Rangers (January 23, 2012) KEY DEVELOPMENTS: The Burma Army is currently attacking within six miles of Mai Ja Yang, a city in Kachin State that is a refuge for over 1,000 displaced people The Burma Army is firing an average of 100 mortar rounds per day into this area and is receiving reinforcements. Over 40,000 Kachin people now displaced by attacks and more are preparing to run.

Free Burma Rangers (January 19, 2012) KEY DEVELOPMENTS: Burma Army Infantry Battalion (IB) 105, commanded by Major Moe Kyaw, stabbed and shot three villagers to death, shot a 70-year-old woman and tortured four villagers in Mun Si Township, Kachin State.

Free Burma Rangers (January 1, 2012) Key Developments: Shelling by Burma Army continues against civilian villages in Karen State

Karen Human Rights Group (December 2011) Human rights abuses faced by ethnic communities across rural eastern Burma have continued  since November 2010, and are consistent with patterns KHRG has documented since 1992. By  placing  recent  testimony  from  villagers  in  the context of twenty years of abusive practices, this report should make clear that developments since the 2010 elections have neither expanded villagers’ options for claiming their human rights, nor addressed the root causes of abuse in rural eastern Burma.

Free Burma Rangers (December 27, 2011) The Burma Army continues to attack people in three townships of Ba Maw District, Kachin State: Mun Si Township, Shwegu Township and Ba Maw Township. This report documents several instances from December 2011.

Free Burma Rangers (December 22, 2011) This report documents reports of human rights abuses by the Burmese Army in Karen State including land confiscation and extrajudicial killing.

Free Burma Rangers (December 16, 2011) KEY DEVELOPMENTS: The Burma Army continued attacks against the Kachin people and every day there is shelling from attacking Burma Army units. There has been no ceasefire by the Burma Army troops in this area.; There are over 30,000 displaced Kachin villagers now in hiding.

Free Burma Rangers (November 30, 2011) This report details the activities of the Burmese Army in Kachin State including human rights abuses and patterns of displacement.

Physicians for Human Rights (November 2011) This report provides the first humanitarian assessment of some of the Internally Displaced Persons living in areas of Kachin State that are not controlled by the Burmese government. PHR conducted its investigation entirely in the non-urban areas of Kachin state, the areas that are free of control by the Burmese government; this report will help to build a more complete picture of the humanitarian situation among internally displaced persons in politically contested areas in Kachin State.

Partners Relief and Development (November 2011) The results from this fact-finding mission to Kachin State reveal evidence of crimes that potentially amount to war crimes, perpetrated by the Burma Army against ethnic Kachin civilians and their properties in October 2011. Based on the incidents documented in this report, the Burma Army is in contravention of its legal obligations under international humanitarian and human rights law. Considering the nature and scale of these acts in combination with documented abuses in the broader civil war in Kachin State, the actions of the Burma government and the Burma Army may also amount to other serious violations, including crimes against humanity.

Network for Human Rights Documentation – Burma (November 11 2011) The periodic report of the Network for Human Rights Documentation–Burma (ND-Burma) documents the human rights situation in Burma during the period January–September 2011. The ND-Burma periodic reports provide up-to-date information on human rights violations (HRVs) and highlight pressing issues and trends within the country. The information gathered covers 16 categories of human rights violations (HRVs), documented in all 14 states and regions across Burma.

Kachin Women’s Association—Thailand (October 7 2011) Seven months after the November 2010 elections and four months after the convening of parliament which, in the words of the ruling generals, “completed the country’s transition to a multiparty democracy,” the Burmese military regime launched a new war in Kachin State and Northern Shan State. After a seventeen year ceasefire, the renewed conflict has brought rampant human rights abuses by the Burma Army including, rape, torture, the use of human minesweepers and the forced displacement of entire villages.

Human Rights Watch and Karen Human Rights Group (July 12 2011) This 70-page report details abuses against convict porters including summary executions, torture, and the use of the convicts as “human shields.” The military should stop forcibly recruiting prisoners as porters and mistreating them, and those responsible for ordering or participating in such treatment should be prosecuted, Human Rights Watch and the Karen Human Rights Group said.

Network for Human Rights Documentation – Burma (May 18 2011) The periodic report of the Network for Human Rights Documentation – Burma (ND-Burma), documents the human rights situation in Burma during the period January – March 2011. ND-Burma periodic reports provide up-to-date information on human rights violations (HRVs) and highlight pressing issues and trends within the country. The information gathered covers 16 categories of human rights violations (HRVs)1, documented in all 14 states and regions across Burma.

Burma Partnership (April 29 2011) Children in Burma face numerous challenges to their survival and development. For the majority of children access to basic rights such as health care, food, education, protection from abuse and exploitation are almost non-existent. This report is meant to bring to light information regarding children’s rights violations by the State Party, all of which impede their chances of development and survival.

Physicians for Human Rights (January 19 2011) In 2010, Physicians for Human Rights investigated alleged human rights violations against the people of Chin State. Their research revealed extraordinary levels of state and military violence against civilian populations. The report provides the first quantitative data of these human rights violations. The report also reveals that at least eight of the violations surveyed fall within the purview of the International Criminal Court (ICC).

US Department of State (June 14 2010) The 2010 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report marks the 10th anniversary of key milestones in the fight against modern slavery. The 2010 TIP Report is a diagnostic tool reflective of efforts on the ground now. It is neither a condemnation nor a reprieve; nor is it a guarantee of next year’s ranking. Indeed, this year’s report reflects upgrades for 23 countries in recognition of long overdue results and downgrades for 19 countries demonstrating sparse victim protections, desultory implementation, or inadequate legal structures.

Irish Centre for Human Rights (June 16 2010) In August 2008 the Irish Centre for Human Rights received funding from Irish Aid to launch a project on the human rights situation of the Rohingyas/Muslims of Rakhine State in Western Burma/Myanmar. As part of the project a research unit was established at the Irish Centre for Human Rights to carry an open source research and take part in a fact-finding mission and the drafting of a report under the supervision of Prof. William Schabas. The report of the Rohingya project was officially launched on June 16 th, 2010 by Micheál Martin, the Irish Minister for Foreign Affairs, at Iveagh House.

Partners Relief, Free Burma Rangers (April 10 2010) Displaced Childhoods is the first comprehensive report of its kind to document the experiences of internally displaced children against the backdrop of Burma’s obligations under domestic and international law.

Physicians for Human Rights (March 10, 2010) In recent months Bangladeshi authorities have waged an unprecedented campaign of arbitrary arrest, illegal expulsion, and forced internment against Burmese refugees. In this emergency report Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) presents new data and documents dire conditions for these persecuted Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh. PHR’s medical investigators warn that critical levels of acute malnutrition and a surging camp population without access to food aid will cause more deaths from starvation and disease if the humanitarian crisis is not addressed.

Karen Women Organization (February 25, 2010) A report that reveals previously unreported abuses taking place against ethnic Karen women in Burma. The practice of the Burmese Army to execute village heads has led to traditional Karen culture being turned upside-down, with women now being appointed village chiefs as they are seen as less likely to be killed. However, this change has put women in the frontline of human rights abuses. These abuses constitute crimes against humanity and war crimes.

Christian Solidarity Worldwide (February 2010) Christian Solidarity Worldwide (CSW) visited the Thailand-Burma border in February 2010, accompanied by BurmaInfo (Japan), and documented firsthand testimonial evidence of the continuing human rights violations in Karen State, including the widespread and systematic use of forced labour, torture and murder. CSW believes that there is strong evidence to suggest that these violations amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Free Burma Rangers (February 12 2010) Seven Burma Army battalions (Five as the assault element and two in support) attacked villagers in Ler Doh township, Nyaunglebin District, Western Karen State, displacing over 2,100 villagers. The attacking battalions are advancing from three directions; north, west and east.

Free Burma Rangers (January 21 2010) This report was an update with photos of Burma Army attacks, murders, displacement and forced labor against villagers and IDPs in Karen State, Burma. There are no large scale offensives at this time but over 2,000 people have been displaced in attacks this week while villagers were shot to death by Burma Army patrols. In every area here that the Burma Army controls, they force villagers to carry loads and work for them.

Palaung Women's Organization (January 26 2010) Through community assessments, this report by the Palaung Women’s Organization (PWO) shows that opium cultivation is increasing dramatically in Burma’s northern Shan State. The amounts are far higher than reported by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), and are flourishing in areas controlled by Burma’s military regime, not in the ceasefire areas claimed by the UN.

Altsean & International Federation for Human Rights & Burma Lawyers’ Council (August 2009) For many years the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), the Alternative ASEAN Network on Burma (ALTSEAN-Burma), and the Burma Lawyers Council (BLC) have been drawing the attention of the international community, in particular of the various United Nations (UN) bodies, to the widespread and systematic human rights violations occurring in Burma. Numerous reports document such violations and demonstrate that they constitute a State policy and are not isolated incidents.

Human Rights Watch (May 2009) This 12-page report examines the causes of the exodus of Rohingya people from Burma and Bangladesh, and their treatment once in flight to Southeast Asian countries.


Human Rights Watch (January 27 2009) In this 93-page report, Human Rights Watch documents a wide range of human rights abuses carried out by the Burmese army and government officials. The abuses include forced labor, arbitrary arrests and detention, torture, religious repression and other restrictions on fundamental freedoms. In Mizoram state, India, Chin people remain at risk of discrimination and abuse by local Mizo groups and local authorities, and of being forced back across the border into Burma.

Women’s League of Burma (November 1 2008) A report compiled by the Women’s League of Burma and member organizations, focusing on the problems faced by women and girls in rural areas, including ethnic lands, as a result of armed conflict. After signing the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1997, Burma’s military regime submitted reports to the CEDAW Committee in 1997 and 2007. This Shadow Report seeks to address issues that were not adequately documented by the junta in those reports.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (September 28 2007) Since late 2006, the Science and Human Rights Program of the American Association for the Advancement of Science has compiled a set of high-resolution satellite images to document the ongoing conflict in Karen State and other regions of Burma. This study in Burma follows similar activities undertaken by AAAS on Zimbabwe, Darfur, and elsewhere as part of its Geospatial Technologies and Human Rights project. Monitoring human rights violations in eastern Burma with satellite imagery utilizes on-the ground information reported via websites and email from organizations active in the region.

Women’s League of Burma (October 23 2006) The report is a position paper written for the Sixth Anniversary of Security Council Resolution 1325. It states that the actual conditions in Burma are in stark contrast to the regime’s claims. The State Peace and Development Council’s ongoing armed aggression and tyranny are continuing to oppress the women of Burma.

Kachin Women’s Association – Thailand (2005) Growing poverty, caused by failed state policies, is driving increasing numbers of young people to migrate in search of work. As a result, young women and girls are disappearing without trace, being sold as wives in China, and tricked into the Chinese and Burmese sex industries. Local Kachin researchers conducted interviews in Burma from May- August 2004 in order to document this trend.

Shan Women’s Action Network (May 2002) This report details 173 incidents of rape and other forms of sexual violence, involving 625 girls and women, committed by Burmese army troops in Shan State, mostly between 1996 and 2001. It should be noted that due to the stigma attached to rape, many women do not report incidents of sexual violence. Incidents may also not have reached SHRF, as information on human rights abuses in Shan State is gained from refugees arriving at the Thai-Burma border. Therefore the figures in this report are likely to be far lower than the reality.